Steer-by-wire system enables steering to be adjusted to specific driver or situation
Automotive supplier HELLA, which operates under the umbrella brand FORVIA, is, with other partners, pressing ahead with the development of a series production-ready steer-by-wire system solution.
With this technology, steering commands are transmitted fully electrically without the assistance of mechanical or hydraulic components, and this kind of steer-by-wire system could be in use from 2026.
It will initially be made ready for series production together with the Lotus Tech Innovation Centre (LTIC), which is the research and development facility of the vehicle manufacturer Geely.
Subsequently, it is planned that the system be rolled out to other customers inside and outside the Geely Group.
“Steer-by-wire is one of the main technologies paving the way to the automated, software-based vehicle. As a highly efficient supplier of indispensable safety-relevant components for fully electric steering systems, we are at the forefront of shaping this trend,” remarks Björn Twiehaus, Managing Director responsible for the Electronics Business Group at HELLA.
Since on the one hand steer-by-wire steering systems dispense with mechanical or hydraulic components, notably the steering rod, the settings of the steering system can be adapted to the customer or situation.
For example, the software that controls the steering system can be used to switch flexibly between comfort and sport modes, and the steering angle range, steering assistance and active power feedback can be adapted to the requirements of the particular driving situation.
There is also no longer a rigid relationship between steering movement and wheel behaviour, which means the required steering wheel lock angle can be reduced, especially at low speeds.
On the other hand, as the hardware components have been eliminated, there is now a whole new range of design options for the interior.
With all-electric steering systems, the steering wheel in particular can be completely stowed away in the dashboard, for example.
This is an essential basic requirement for more advanced levels of automated driving, where the driver can relinquish control of the vehicle and, for example, relax or turn to other activities.
The space freed up could also be used for larger dashboards or head-up displays.
“There is further potential here, not least through cooperation with Faurecia, with regard to the design and functional scope of the vehicle interior, as well as the cockpit area,” Twiehaus continues.
The steer-by-wire system is being developed in a network which, in addition to HELLA as a major subsystem supplier and LTIC as the launch customer, consists of other partners.
In this context, HELLA contributes two central components: the sensors and the control electronics.
The hand wheel actuator detects the respective steering movement and passes this on to the road wheel actuator via the electronics, which in turn adjusts the wheels accordingly.
In addition, because both components communicate continuously, information can be fed back, when the vehicle comes into contact with a kerb, for example.
These components are being developed at the company’s headquarters in Lippstadt, as well as in France and India.
“With the series development of key components for all-electric steering systems, we are further expanding our strong market position in this forward-looking field of technology,” adds Twiehaus.
The series development of operational designs of steering electronics is already underway at HELLA, for example.
Using redundant architecture, this ensures that vehicle control is unrestricted even in the event of a potential fault.
HELLA is thus expanding its expertise in the field of X-by-Wire technologies and recently received the world’s first large-volume order for a completely electric brake pedal sensor, which will go into series production in 2025.
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