Lidar sensors, cameras, radars and back-up systems to control steering, braking and battery power for self-driving
Volvo Cars claims to be setting new safety and technology standards by partnering with tech firm Luminar to provide lidar and perception technology for Volvo’s next generation cars.
The partnership will deliver Volvo’s first fully self-driving technology for highways and paves the way for future active safety developments.
Volvo Cars’ next generation SPA 2 modular vehicle architecture will be available as hardware-ready for autonomous drive from production start in 2022, with the Luminar lidar integrated into the roof.
Cars based on SPA 2 will be updated with software over the air and if customers decide to opt for it a ‘highway pilot’ feature that enables fully autonomous highway driving will be activated once it is verified to be safe for individual geographic locations and conditions.
Henrik Green, chief technology officer at Volvo Cars said: “Autonomous drive has the potential to be one of the most lifesaving technologies in history, if introduced responsibly and safely.
“Providing our future cars with the vision they require to make safe decisions is an important step in that direction.”
In addition to the ‘highway pilot’ feature, Volvo Cars and Luminar are also exploring lidar’s role in improving future advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), with the potential for equipping all future SPA2-based cars with a lidar sensor as standard.
How it works
Luminar’s technology is based on its high performance lidar sensors, which emit millions of pulses of laser light to accurately detect where objects are by scanning the environment in 3D, creating a temporary, real-time map without requiring internet connectivity.
Lidar is key in creating cars that can navigate safely in autonomous mode, providing them with the reliable vision and perception that cameras and radar alone cannot provide.
Lidar is the ideal basis for safe decision-making in complex environments at high speeds.
To enable the ‘highway pilot’ feature, Luminar’s perception technology will be combined with autonomous drive software and the cameras, radars and back-up systems for functions such as steering, braking and battery power installed on forthcoming Volvo cars equipped for self-driving.
Henrik Green said: “Soon, your Volvo will be able to drive autonomously on highways when the car determines it is safe to do so.
“At that point, your Volvo takes responsibility for the driving and you can relax, take your eyes off the road and your hands off the wheel.
“Over time, updates over the air will expand the areas in which the car can drive itself.
“For us, a safe introduction of autonomy is a gradual introduction.”