Intelligent mechatronic rear wheel steering system delivers improved ride comfort and efficiency
Global automotive and industrial supplier Schaeffler is embarking on a development partnership with Robert Bosch Automotive Steering GmbH to expand its intelligent rear wheel steering (iRWS) portfolio.
Under the partnership, Schaeffler is providing mechatronic iRWS systems while Bosch Automotive Steering is contributing software and electronics in the form of steering control units.
Matthias Zink, CEO for automotive OEM at Schaeffler, said: “Combining the strengths of both companies enables us to create integrated systems that deliver superior added value to our customers.
“Intelligent rear wheel steering technology is a key milestone in Schaeffler’s journey to becoming the technology partner of choice for chassis systems.”
Schaeffler successfully launched its mechatronic intelligent ‘active roll control’ system (iARC) in 2015.
“The lessons we learned from that process flowed directly into the development of mechatronic Rear Wheel Steering”, said Dr. Keiwan Kashi, president for mechatronic systems at Schaeffler.
“By combining our expertise in mechatronics with our core competencies in the industrialization of mechanical and mechatronic components, we created a highly efficient product that can be tailored to customer requirements.”
How it works
The mechatronic iRWS unit improves ride comfort and safety which offers several key benefits in today’s rapidly urbanizing world.
By turning the rear wheels in the opposite direction to the front wheels, it reduces the turning radius, significantly increasing maneuverability in tight spaces, such as when parking in busy urban settings.
Moreover, the rear axle’s assistive steering action enhances handling, stability and ride comfort and improves vehicle safety.
Schaeffler’s rear-wheel steering system uses lightweight technologies and features a maximum overall weight of just eight kilograms.
At the heart of the system is a planetary roller gear that performs a self-locking function, ensuring that the rear wheels do not change direction without steering input from the driver.
The planetary screw drive also delivers superior efficiency.
Bosch’s contribution to the partnership is the steering control unit, an integrated module comprising control electronics, an electric motor and software.
Scalable and modular in design, this unit is fundamental to many of the driver-assistance functions in Schaeffler’s new rear-axle steering system.
Already a proven performer, the steering control unit has been successfully implemented in millions of front-axle steered vehicles.
It features Bosch security for robust protection against cyber attacks.
Functions and updates are supported by over-the-air (OTA) technology.
Dr. Stefan Waschul, head of passenger car steering systems at Robert Bosch Automotive Steering said: “Our third-generation steering control unit was launched just last year and is already doing very well in the market for front-axle steering control systems.
“Under this partnership, we will apply our expertise in this area to rear-axle steering systems and contribute the wealth of experience and technical know-how in software and E/E architecture that has made us the market leader in steering control systems.”
Based on signals from the steering wheel torque sensor, the steering control unit’s integrated electronic controller calculates the optimal steering assist, which is then delivered by the integrated electric motor.
In addition to the torque applied to the steering wheel by the driver, the calculation takes into account numerous other vehicle parameters.